Apricot genus of trees and shrubs of the family of pink; fruit culture. 10 species, mainly in Asia. Apricots originated in China. Trees have a height of 5-15 m, fruit 3-5th year and live 40-60 years, zharovynoslivy, thermophilic, with a strong root system. It differs a lot of energy and high growth pobegoproizvoditelnoy ability. The bulk of the crop is placed on short twigs (spur buketnye and twigs) and to a lesser extent on the strong annual branches. Better quality fruits develop on fouling branches located near the thick branches. Apricot has the ability besides the main spring growth to give a second wave and differentiate these increments flower buds.
In edible fruit sugars, organic acids, vitamins; Dried fruits - apricots, dried apricots. Yield 100 - 150 kg per tree. Honey. The highest fees in Italy, USA, Turkey, Wed Asia.
Apricot is sometimes called the "fruit of health." Eight known species of this tree. Among them, the most common apricot valuable. It is cultivated in Central Asia, namely Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, the Caucasus, the Crimea, southern Ukraine. In the wild apricot found in Central Asia, Daghestan, Northeast China (where it was cultivated more than 2000 years BC). In the Himalayas, apricot grows even at a height of 4000 m above sea level.
Fruits are not only attracted by its appearance, taste, but also nutritious. Their pulp contains from 4.7 to 27% of sugar, 0,51-1,6% pectin, malic, 0,32-6,6% citric acid and tartaric acid, organic, 72,7-92,14% water, tanning substance, a significant amount of ascorbic acid, vitamin B1, B2, B15, P, PP, many carotene (provitamin A) and mineral salts. Especially rich in potassium apricots - the fresh fruit it contains up to 305 mg%, and dried - up to 1717 mg%. The sugar content in dried fruit reaches 75-80%. In apricot seeds contain up to 85% of non-drying fatty oil, vitamin B15 and glycoside amygdalin (in bitter varieties it contains much more than sweet - amygdalin gives the fruit a bitter taste).
With the purpose of treatment apricots drink with anemia, heart disease. If appointed diuretic medication, it is necessary to include in the diet apricots, as they contain a lot of potassium.
Of apricot seed oil is obtained (amygdalin is deleted when).
Fruits are consumed as fresh and in dried. From them prepare jams, juices, compotes. Especially popular apricots - are exempt from seed dried fruits.
Fruits are widely used for the preparation of stewed fruit, jam, candied fruit, jelly, marmalade, jams, juices, as well as drying. They are very tasty fresh. All of this suggests that the apricot is a valuable fruit crops.
Dried apricots are high-calorie, because it contains a lot of carbohydrate, rich in potassium, also contains calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, vitamins, organic acids and other nutrients. Apricots as nutrient, restorative remedy 100-150 grams per day recommended for people weakened and recovering from illness, chronic diseases (eg, tuberculosis), pregnant women and children. It is very beneficial for cardiovascular diseases (cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, etc.), as well as a mild laxative agent.
Very favorable apricots and apricots with iron deficiency anemia, hypo-and avitaminosis. Note however that in liver disease and hypothyroidism, they are not appointed, as pro-vitamin A in apricots in large numbers, with these diseases is not absorbed. In this regard, such patients are administered pure Vitamin A.
Limited should eat apricots diabetics.